Mapping Chinese Spiritual Capital
This initiative expands the social scientific study of religion in China by pursuing three inter-related goals: mapping the religious landscape and the changing religious markets, assessing spiritual capital in the emerging civil society, and nourishing the growing field through publishing first-rate research in a new journal.
(1) Mapping the Religious Landscape and the Changing Religious Markets: What are the status and changing dynamics of various religions in China today? We will produce an atlas that includes maps, charts, images and descriptions of religious life in various parts of China. The maps will apply GIS technologies and spatial statistics to show geographical locations of religious venues and patterns. Much of the data for these maps come from China’s 2004 economic census that include information of 72,887 religious venues as economic units, and new geodata collected from “hot spot” and “cold spot” areas (i.e., areas with high and low concentration of religious venues). The atlas will also include a set of survey analyses that identify the social environments of religious believers and practitioners. Several surveys have become available, yet remain under analyzed until now. Second, we will produce an edited handbook of the changing religious markets in China, which will include fieldwork reports of religious groups and communities in various parts of China, with an emphasis on their changing status and crossing the boundaries of the red/black/gray markets of religion. This edited volume will help deepen the theoretical construction of religious markets. In addition, we will develop an online interface to archive and present the geodata, audio/video materials, and interactive maps. The atlas, the handbook, and the online interface together will set a benchmark for the study of the dynamic changes taking place in the spiritual and religious traditions in China.
(2) Assessing Spiritual Capital in the Emerging Civil Society: By spiritual capital we mean the value created by religious and spiritual social networks that enable people and groups to bond together and to serve others. This part of the initiative will answer two research questions: How have religions survived and revived under Communist rule? What roles do Christians and Buddhists play in the growing civil society during the market and democratic transitions? The two largest religions in China today are Christianity and Buddhism. We will conduct oral history interviews with 100 Christian leaders and 100 Buddhist leaders. These interviews will help to discover factors and mechanisms of how religions survived the eradication policy during the Cultural Revolution and how they have revived and are thriving since then in spite of restrictive regulations. We will also conduct in-depth interviews with 100 Christian professionals (lawyers, journalists, professors, writers, and artists) and 100 Buddhist professionals about their civic values and civic engagements.
(3) Fostering New Scholarship: We will nourish the scholarly study of Chinese religions by developing first-rate, independent research in our journal, the Review of Religion and Chinese Society. We will also organize a series of two-week writing workshops for younger scholars at Purdue. For each workshop, we will select twelve scholars who have done research on religion in China and who are motivated to publish in international journals in English. We’ll publish two special issues based on the research in the first two parts of the new initiative, one on the changing religious markets and one on religion in civil society or democratic movements.
- Case Studies of Religious Groups in a Rapidly Changing Society (Seoul, Korea 2016)
- Changing Religious Landscape in Contemporary East Asia (Hong Kong 2017)
- Religiosity, Secularity, and Pluralism in the Global East (Singapore 2018)
- Conference on East-West Encounters and Religious Change in Modernizing East Asia (Hokkaido, Japan 2019)
- Islam in China and Chinese Muslims (Dubai, UAE 2018)
- Christianity in China: the State of the Field and the Next Ten Years (Hawaii, USA 2018)
- Confucianism and Daoism: From Max Weber to the Present (Hawaii, USA 2018)
- Chinese Buddhism: From Holmes Welch to the Present (Indiana, USA 2018)
- The Study of Chinese Minjian Religion: Reviewing the Field and Future Directions (Hong Kong 2018)
- Writing Workshop for the Social Scientific Study of Religion in China (Seattle, USA 2016)
- Writing Workshop for the Social Scientific Study of Religion in China (Montreal, Canada 2017)
- Writing Workshop for the Social Scientific Study of Religion among the Chinese (Singapore 2018)
- Yang, Fenggang. 2018 Atlas of Religion in China: Social and Geographical Contexts, Brill Publishers.
- Yang, Fenggang, Francis Jae-ryong Song and SAKURAI Yoshihide. 2019 Religiosity, Secularity and Pluralism in the Global East, MDPI Books.
- Yang, Fenggang, Joy K.C.Tong and Allan H. Anderson, eds. 2017, Global Chinese Pentecostal and Charismatic Christianity. Brill Publishers.
- Tong, Yunping and Fenggang Yang. 2018. “Internal Diversity Among “Spiritual But Not Religious” Adolescents in the United States: A Person-Centered Examination Using Latent Class Analysis”, Review of Religious Research 60 (4): 435-452.
- Li, Miao, Yun Lu and Fenggang Yang. 2018. “Shaping the Religiosity of Chinese University Students: Science Education and Political Indoctrination,” Religions 2018, 9 (10): 309.
- Yang, Fenggang. 2018. “Religion in the Global East: Challenges and Opportunities for the Social Scientific Study of Religion,” Religions 2018, 9 (10): 305.
- Lu, Yun and Fenggang Yang. 2018. “Does State Repression Suppress the Protest Participation of Religious People?” Sociology of Religion 80 (2): 194–221.
- Yang, Fenggang and Anning Hu. 2018. “Folk Religion in Contemporary China” in Oxford Bibliographies in Chinese Studies. Edited by Tim Wright. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Yang, Fenggang. 2018. “Evangelization amid Cooperation, Accommodation, and Resistance” in D. Philpott & T. Shah (Eds.), Under Caesar’s Sword: How Christians Respond to Persecution (Law and Christianity, pp. 334-357). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Yang, Xiaozhao Yousef and Fenggang Yang. 2018. “Estimating Religious Populations with the Network Scale‐Up Method: A Practical Alternative to Self‐Report,” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 56 (4): 703-719.
- Yang, Fenggang. 2018. “The Failure of the Campaign to Demolish Church Crosses in Zhejiang Province, 2013–2016: A Temporal and Spatial Analysis,” Review of Religion and Chinese Society 5 (1): 5-25.
- Yang, Fenggang. 2018. “The Cross of Chinese Christians and Their Resistance to Suppression,” Review of Religion and Chinese Society, 5 (1): 1-4.
- L. Luke Chao and Fenggang Yang. 2018. “Measuring religiosity in a religiously diverse society: The China case,” Social Science Research 74 (August 2018): 187-195
- Yang, Xiaozhao Yousef and Fenggang Yang. 2017. “Acculturation Versus Cultural Retention: The Interactive Impact of Acculturation and Co-ethnic Ties on Substance Use Among Chinese Students in the United States,” Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health 20 (3): 546–560.
- Yang, X. Yousef, Anning Hu, Fenggang Yang. 2017. “Decomposing Immigrants’ Religious Mobility: Structural Shifts and Inter-religion Exchanges Among Chinese Overseas Students,” Review of Religious Research 60 (2): 183–198.
- Yang, Fenggang. 2017. “Chinese Christianity at the Crossroads: A Sociohistorical Perspective” in Between Continuity and Changes: Studies on the History of Chinese Christianity since 1949, edited by Wong Man-kong, Paul W. Cheung, Chan Chi-hang, Alliance Bible Seminary, Hong Kong.
- Xie, Ying, Yunping Tong and Fenggang Yang. 2017. “Does Ideological Education in China Suppress Trust in Religion and Foster Trust in Government?” Religions 2017, 8 (5), 94.
- Yang, Fenggang. 2017. “From Cooperation to Resistance: Christian Responses to Intensified Suppression in China Today.” The Review of Faith & International Affairs 15 (1): 79-90.
Review of Religion and Chinese Society Special Issues
- Volume 5 Issue 2 – Islam in China
- Volume 6 Issue 1 – Christianity in China
- Volume 6 Issue 2 – Minjian Religion in China
- Volume 7 Issue 1 – Buddhism in China